Why professional metal workers are urgently needed in Myanmar
Progress is also evident in Myanmar and in spite of the slow economic growth, there is a rising need for products made of metal. Poverty and economical embargos are ever-growing chal-lenges for the metal workers. Basically speaking, they have to either make or repair all their machines and appliances themselves, because there are no financial resources to outsource any-thing. On top of this, there is a lack of professional people, because many technical colleges have been closed and as a result a lot of specialists have emigrated. CVT aims to provide an all-round education in the field of metal work, so that the young people are enabled to fill this gap of professional knowledge and practice.
The vocational training
The metal workers’ classes take place one day a week at CVT. The curriculum includes the following subjects:
- Business management
- Study of materials
- Technical drawing
- Technical calculations
- General knowledge
The classes are made up of apprentices from various fields, which leads to interesting discus-sions and a valuable network.
Practical Courses at the CVT
The idea of the Practical Training Courses (PTC) is to give the apprentice a basic practical knowledge in all sections of their profession and to show them how to put theory into prac-tice. The three courses are spread over the three years of apprenticeship and last for two weeks. They are held at the CVT’s own property and include the following main points:
- Course 1: Forging and metal work, i.e. filing, sawing, chiselling, drilling and forgeing.
- Course 2: founding of iron and non-iron metals, with emphasis on making and cutting out forms, moulding and examining casting mistakes, mechanically working casting iron with machine tools and welding casting iron.
- Course 3: specialising in machine building and welding: turning, drilling, planing and soon milling. The following welding methods are taught: arc, autogene, protecting gas, TIG welding and cutting plasma. Great importance is attached to safety at work from the very beginning, following the motto: safety first. At the end of each course there is a one day excursion, during which various firms are visited.
“Earn while you learn”: Practical training at the company
While working at their companies, the metal workers put the inputs of the weekly classes at school into practice. At the company, responsible people (In-Company Trainers) make sure the apprentices can practice and acquire the knowledge and skills required by their curriculum. In addition, this work gives the apprentices some income which is often the only source of in-come for the families.
Final exams and graduation
The final examination of all school subjects takes place at the end of the three-year training and consists of eight theoretical exams and one practical exam:
- theory dealing with the profession
- technical work with the focus on welding
- machine technology
- work on machine tools
- knowledge of materials
- technical drawin
- general theory
- English, Burmese, general knowledge, politics, environment etc.
The practical exam is carried out according to the apprentice’s duties in the company. The ex-am includes one of the following main points:
- machine building: turning, drilling, planing etc.
- welding: different methods and materials
- founding: casting different forms using different materials
When a metal worker finishes his training, he is capable and very likely to get an interesting position in the industrial field, either as head of a department, as a supervisor or even as a specialist. Some are even inspired to start their own businesses.
Experts from Switzerland
Stefan Vogler from Kerns is an expert and responsible for the training at the CVT in Yangon. In Switzerland he works as a production manager in the department of micro systems at Leis-ter’s, a company based in Sarnen. He is a professional mechanic and an industrial engineer and along with Daniel Glauser he supports the Burmese teaching staff via digital media and from time to time with a visit to Myanmar. This is not just a case of exchanging topics to do with their work, this also furthers multicultural teamwork.
“Necessity is the mother of invention! This proverb could well have its roots in a Bur-mese workshop. The creativity and inventiveness show the stifled potential in these young people.” Stefan Vogler, specialist for metal workers.
Teachers at CVT
Head of Profession MW